You can download the text as a PDF document here.


  • Even though you will be addressing an academic audience, keep in mind that most people in the audience do not share your expertise. Do not use scientific jargon.


  • Create an outline on paper/sticky notes before you make your slides. What message do you want to convey? How do you structure your talk? How do you start your talk? Use a title that the audience can understand!
  • Number of slides: Rule of thumb is one slide per one minute of talk.
  • Limit the amount of information on each slide. Use visuals. Too much information will distract your audience.
  • Tell a story, use examples.


  • Structure your poster. Start and end should be clear to audience.
  • Think of a short, attractive title for your poster
  • Limit the amount of text on your poster to 300 words.
  • Don’t use more than 3-5 colors. Leave room for white. 40 Percent of your poster should be blank.


  • Mind the font size: 24 points should be the minimum. Posters: The text should be readable from 1.5 meters distance.
  • Keep diagrams and tables simple. Use captions. Explain what your data signifies and why it is important.
  • MFG, ARD, and ZDF: Explain acronyms and abbreviations.
  • Practice. Practice. Practice. Practice your talk and time it. You can record it on your smartphone or you can recite it to your friends. Pay attention to your body language and tone of voice.
  • Make sure your presentation fits the allotted time limit. Talk: It may help to determine which slide marks the middle of your presentation. You will have a timer on stage.

Tips from «How to give a dynamic scientific presentation», see first link below.

  • It is okay to be nervous. Breathe.
  • Stride up to the podium.
  • Stand tall and keep your chest lifted.
  • Smile.
  • Speak up. Don’t mumble.
  • Take your time. A moment or two of silence as you gather your thoughts or move to a new topic can actually make the audience pay attention.
  • Talk to the audience, not the screen. Make eye contact.


All links last accessed on March 10, 2020.